BENEFITS OF UN ACTIVISM TO NIGERIA AS A NATION STATE.INCRESE
The United Nations being an intergovernmental organisation has worked over the years since its formation in 1945 to foster world peace and security. This it does by combating terrorism, consolidating peacebuilding processes, supporting disarmament, combating sexual violence, promoting development and alleviating poverty, promoting the wellbeing of women and children, improving literacy and education, promoting human rights and democracy, seeking sustainable solutions to protect the environment, strengthening international law, humanitarian interventions in crisis situations, promoting maternal and reproductive health and fighting to eradicate pandemics and world threatening diseases.
Of course, to say the United Nations is not an important organisation in the world is a fallacy as it is evident that it has worked tirelessly to achieve its main goals which are To keep peace throughout the world; To develop friendly relations among nations; To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms; To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
Also, through its specialized agencies, funds and programmes, it has affected lives and made the world a much better place from the periods of wars, conflicts and deadly pandemics. This has been made possible through engagements and partnerships with member states, key stakeholders and civil society organisations.
Nigeria being a country that has been hit by different issues affecting security, the economy and livelihoods of citizens has benefitted for many years and is still benefitting a lot from the interventions and programmes of the United Nations. Going through this spate of human rights violations and abuse, disregard for the rule of law, poverty, illiteracy, high maternal and child mortality rates and internal crisis, the importance of engaging at the UN at different levels, and its benefits to Nigeria cannot be overemphasized.
First, is the role the United Nations play in fostering international peace and security. Through the joint efforts of international solidarity and peace keeping, Nigeria has been getting assistance from the UN to tackle the issues of insurgency and terrorism in different parts of the country. There is also the humanitarian assistance that deliver lifesaving aids to Nigeria, World Health Organisation programmes combating outbreaks of diseases through vaccinations, HIV/AIDS intervention programmes, Food and security programmes and environmental protection interventions.
UN activism entails engaging the United Nations and its specialized agencies or bodies to ensure that member states keep to their undertakings to honour the UN charter and all signed international treaties within their respective countries. This is usually done by international non-governmental organisations and local civil society organisations. UN activism serves as a watchdog for member states.
In the aspect of human rights, apart from the 6 main organs of the UN who have a huge influence on the workings of the UN, there are also treaty based bodies like the UN Human Rights Council, Committee against Torture, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, special rapporteurs, working groups and many others who sit as umpires and do a periodic review of member state compliance and also give recommendations to member states where there are alleged violations reported.
UN activism is a way for CSOs to bring to the forefront issues that affect Nigeria as a whole and gives a basis for whatever intervention, recommendations or programmes done by the UN in the country. The UN has been majorly instrumental to the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria which has improved the livelihoods of Nigerians.
It is also a platform for naming and shaming where countries do not keep to their obligations and disregard human rights of their citizens.
It is also a platform for where minority groups can get representation and be heard especially where such groups do not have representation in their home countries.